An Introduction to the Baxter County Heritage Center Archives

     The Baxter County Heritage Center Archives is administered by the Baxter County Historical and Genealogical Society. After many years of collecting archival material relating to the history of Baxter County the Society developed the Archives program in 2007.

     In June 2008 the Archives was moved from the Heritage Museum in Gassville to the Baxter County Services Building in Mountain Home, and in December of 2012 it moved to the current site on South Baker Street.

     The Society continues the tradition of organizing and maintaining the history of Baxter County by collecting manuscript materials, census records, family histories, cemetery records, county government records, school records, photographs and copies of selected state and federal records pertaining to Baxter County. It is not only important to preserve these historical materials, it is also important to make the material available to researchers, the ultimate mission of the Baxter County Heritage Center Archives.

     The Baxter County Historical and Genealogical Society, including the Archives, is a volunteer organization primarily supported by membership dues, sale of publications, and the generosity of donors. Donations to support the archival program should be sent to the:

Baxter County Historical and Genealogical Society
P. O. Box 2125
Mountain Home, AR 76654

     Scroll down this page to see the wide variety of materials housed in the Archives, relating to the history and genealogy of Baxter County. Most, but not all, of these records are currently available for research.


     Includes various records maintained by the Baxter County Clerk’s Office: chattel mortgage records (1901-1977); real estate warranty deeds and other real estate related records (1858-1948); Federal crop mortgages (1931-1938); oil and gas leases (1926-1947); claims for payment from county accounts (1894-1942); records related to county road improvement (1892-1939); tax receipts (1869-1936); ferry licenses and petitions to establish a ferry (1892-1932); various records regarding Redemption of Lands Sold for Taxes (1890-1940); poll tax receipts (1949-1962), and receipts for scalps turned in (1892-1920); Coroner’s inquest records (1890-1970); Justice of the Peace records for Mountain Home and Union Townships (1911-1952); and the Gassville Town Council Ledger (1931-1962). County, township, and other local government records (including school records) are public records.


     We have records from 67 of the original school districts of Baxter County (1922-1980), including teacher registers and the school census. Also included are the records of the Baxter County Board of Education (1890-1998) and the Baxter County Supervisor of Schools. This material includes financial records, records relating to transfer of students, school district board members, correspondence, and minutes of the County Board of Education.

     Inventories of these public records and a name index to students and teachers (1926-1943) is located in the Research Room.


An extensive collection of photographs, postcards and slides pertaining to virtually all aspects of Baxter County history, including people and events from the 1890s to the present. Included are images from the Arthur Keller and Ray Grass collections (early Mountain Home photographers).


The Arkansas Prior Birth Index (AR births prior to 1901); the Arkansas Gazette Obituaries Index (1819-1879); Baxter County Marriages (1871-1920); Funeral Notices from Mountain Home, AR (1920s to the 1950s); “Hatch, Match, and Dispatch” (index of births, marriages, and deaths from the Baxter Bulletin, 1901-1956); Masonic Deaths in AR (1838-1916), and the North Central Arkansas Death Record Index (1914-1948).


Included are detailed lists of burial sites for cemeteries in Baxter County, as well as the cemeteries in Fulton, Marion, and Izard Counties in Arkansas, and Ozark County Missouri.


A copy of the 1790 U.S. Census, the 1850 census of North Central AR, the 1870 North Central AR Federal Census index, the 1880 Baxter County Federal Census, and the 1900 and 1910 Federal Census index for Baxter County.


Baxter County Arkansas Land Patents (an index of people who obtained land directly from the federal government from earliest settlement times through June 1908); Original General Land Office Survey Notes and Plats for the State of Arkansas (1815-present) in a 13 CD set.


Family histories (primarily for Baxter County and North Central Arkansas), journals and newsletters from genealogical and historical organizations in Arkansas and Southern Missouri.An index to Arkansas Confederate Pension Applications, and service records for Baxter County veterans of WWI and WWII.


Papers, photographs, and other historical materials donated by various people and families of Baxter County including: Garvin Carroll, the Duro family, Sue Parnell Fletcher, Clarence Hopkins, John Henry Marler, Owen Kendrick, Mary Anne Messick, the Pinkston family, the Turnbo family, and Bill Woodiel (Trail of Tears research material).


Records from early Baxter County businesses, such as: the Baker General Store, Livingston Store, Peoples Bank, Robertson Store and the Tracy General Store in Mountain Home; the Baxter County Bank, Cotter Lumber Company, McSpadden Store and the Paradise Theatre in Cotter; the Powell General Store in Big Flat; and the Three Brothers (Turnbo) Store in Three Brothers.

Records from various Baxter County civic and social organizations such as: Delta Kappa Gamma, labor unions, Mountain Home Chamber of Commerce, Baxter County Poets Association, Hill and Hollow Quilters Guild, Home Demonstration Clubs, Moose Lodge, Ozark Earth Sciences Club, Coterie Club, Mountain Home Women’s Club, and the Twentieth Century Club.


In addition to a good Vertical (reference) File, the Research Room contains a collection of books and other publications pertaining to the history of Baxter County, the Ozarks region and Arkansas; various genealogical topics; high school yearbooks; telephone directories (1948 – present); and a complete set (including index) of past copies of Baxter County History (the quarterly journal of the BCH&GS, 1974 to present).